A researcher who also plays another role in relation to participants in the research project that he or she is leading fills a dual role that might unduly influence participants collaborating in the research project. Examples:
- A psychologist performing research with participants who is also a therapist to the same persons;
- A researcher acting as an attending physician to these same research participants;
- A professor conducting research involving students that he/she teaches.
In the event of such a dual role, the Hôpital Montfort REB suggests drawing distinctions in the consent form submitted to participants, while describing each role. For example:
- Psychologist-researcher and clinical psychologist;
- Physician-researcher and attending physician.
Furthermore, you will have to explain how you intend to mitigate any undue influence that might result from a dual role affecting participants. For example:
- Delegate recruiting tasks to another member of the research team (for example, a research assistant);
- Explain to potential participants that their decision to participate or not will have no impact on their services, care, evaluation, etc.